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Haiti Liberte: Hebdomadaire Haitien / Haitian weekly news

Edition Electronique

Vol. 8, No. 28
Du  Jan  21  au  Jan 27. 2015

Electronic Edition

Kòrdinasyon Desalin: Conférence de presse


Vol. 8 • No. 12 • Du 1er au 7 Octobre 2014

Ongoing Political Prosecution and Threats Against Former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide
by Ira Kurzban

Jean Claude Duvalier sera-t-il transféré

President Jean-Bertrand Aristide returned to Haiti in March 2011. Upon his return he stated that he would commit himself to help educate Haiti’s citizens through the Aristide Foundation. He has kept that promise by opening a medical school, a law school, a nursing school, and early next month, in partnership with the State University of New York at Stony Brook, the first School of Physical Therapy designed to assist the victims of the 2010 earthquake, all under the national university at the Aristide Foundation known as UNIFA. The medical school is now in its third year and the Dean is a former Minister of Health and former Director of the Red Cross in Haiti. The law school is in its second year and the former Dean of the University of San Francisco Law School, Jeff Brand, has served as an international visiting dean.

Over the past weekend, while both President Martelly and his Prime Minister were out of the country, threats were repeatedly made on the radio and in public that the government will close both the Aristide Foundation and UNIFA. Simultaneously, police officers in black uniforms, some apparently hooded, appeared to surround President Aristide’s home at Tabarre. They have returned this morning (Sep. 29, 2014). These actions followed the unexplained decision to remove Presidential security at President Aristide’s home in August. Under Haitian law, former Presidents are granted security for themselves and their family and former President Préval apparently continues to receive such protection. At present, neither President Aristide, nor his U.S. citizen wife and children are receiving government protection.

Other forms of harassment have been applied to the Aristide family since Martelly assumed the Presidency in Haiti. The Haitian government has initiated three separate criminal complaints against President Aristide in the past 20 months. On each occasion the warrant was leaked to the press before being served on the former President. “In January, 2013, the charges were so patently unjustified that when Aristide’s lawyers pushed back, the prosecutor dropped the case.” (1) In May 2013, Aristide was properly summoned in an investigation of the April 2000 murder of journalist Jean-Dominique and attended the hearing while thousands of supporters appeared at the courthouse. “Lacking any merit to the allegations, the prosecutor let that case drop as well.” (2)

The current investigation, which has been used as a pretext to remove Aristide’s presidential security, place him under “house arrest” (non-existent under Haitian law), and threaten him with physical incarceration and closure of the Foundation and UNIFA, is a classic example of a political prosecution. In a report issued by the National Human Rights Defense Network (RNDDH) in Haiti, the prosecution has been described as “defying all logic,” “acts of provocation,” and utilizing the case “for political ends.” (3) The investigation is ostensibly one involving 10-year old money laundering charges that are time barred, and trafficking in illicit drugs charges that were originally pursued by the U.S. and found to be meritless. However, it has been used to cast a wide net, not only against President Aristide, but many members of his political party, Lavalas, and even some U.S. supporters. The magistrate conducting the matter is widely viewed as a political weapon wielded by Martelly, who did not meet the five year bar qualifications under Haitian law to be a magistrate and has been disbarred by the Haitian Bar Association in Port-au-Prince for 10 years the day he steps down as a magistrate.

Every action in the prosecution from the service of the summons to the declaration that Aristide is under house arrest has been in violation of Haitian law. Many in Haiti believe that this political prosecution is a smoke screen to divert attention from the failure of the Martelly government to hold elections. The unwillingness of Martelly’s government to take the appropriate steps toward an election will mean that in January there will be no functioning parliament and Martelly, like his protégé Duvalier, will be able to rule by decree. It is also an attempt, once again, to exclude the Lavalas Party from participating in elections that many observers believe they would win.

The escalation of events against President Aristide are viewed as efforts to see how far Martelly can push without response from the international community. If a loud chorus of disapproval is not heard against the tactics of the Martelly government, both Aristide’s life and the future of democracy in Haiti are at risk.


1. Lauren Carasik, Haiti’s Fragile Democracy, JURIST-Forum, Aug. 31, 2014, http//jurist.org/forum2014/08/lauren-carasik-haiti-democracy.php

2. Id.

3. Marie Yolene Gilles Colas, National Human Rights Defense Network, “In the matter of Jean-Bertrand Aristide/Lamarre Belizaire: Who is protecting persons before the justice system from arbitrary conduct of Magistrates?


Vol. 8 • No. 12 • Du 1er au 7 Octobre 2014  

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